Development and design of the most popular ecologi

2022-08-04
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The development and design of ecological packaging products

in the new century, with the rapid development of the global economy, while consuming natural resources and manufacturing a large number of products, human beings are constantly aggravating the deterioration of the ecological environment, such as the gradual warming of the earth, serious air pollution, massive loss of water and soil, and rapid desertification of cultivated land. We human beings are using our "intelligence" to accelerate the destruction of our own homes. While nature continues to provide human beings with rich resources, it has also brought years of disasters. The above problems that people on earth face together have attracted great attention from countries all over the world. The wave of ecological design aimed at protecting ecological resources and protecting human health is rising all over the world. Driven by this wave of ecological design, the development and art design of ecological packaging products are becoming one of the focuses of global designers

I. recycling of ecological resources and recycling design of packaging resources

in today's era of rapid development of information, human beings live in a material world. Restoring the balance with nature means finding a new way to provide thousands of tons of colored materials required by industrial civilization. Now human beings have cut down a large number of forests, torn apart the earth's surface and obtained a large number of raw materials, leaving behind us a naked and desolate landscape and toxic garbage dumps. To solve these problems, the fundamental way is to include them in the recycling of materials, because garbage itself is only a "misplaced resource", which can become a huge social wealth if handled properly. 2 The specimen shall be placed close to the support

1. recycling of ecological resources

recycling of ecological resources can be divided into material recovery and energy recovery. Material recovery can be divided into two categories: one is the open system in which the recovery process is open to the whole society; The other is a closed system limited to one enterprise commodity

according to the figures released by relevant departments, the total amount of garbage in China is about 500million tons each year, worth 25billion yuan, of which 32% is biological garbage, 18% is plastic garbage, 8% is paper garbage, 4% is woven in the process of extruding plastic, 3% is metal, and 1.5% is glass products, and these garbage accounting for more than 2/3 can be recycled. One ton of waste paper can make 800 kg of paper; One ton of waste plastics can produce 700 kg of gasoline; The regeneration of cans and glass bottles can save more than 90% of the material cost; Disposable wooden chopsticks can be used to make paper; Biological waste can be made into high-quality fertilizer; Paper scraps and cloth heads that cannot be recycled can still be burned for power generation

Germany is a very excellent country in environmental protection. Environmental protection work goes deep into every family. They have different waste management regulations: from the garbage cans in which white, green and brown glass bottles are separately packed in public places to the Yellow containers containing decoration waste near residential buildings; From eye-catching classified garbage cans on the street to special recycling boxes for different parts of waste electrical appliances... (Figure 1). According to a staff member of the German environmental protection department, although the idea of household waste classification in Germany was put forward 20 years ago, it was only 10 years ago that the real attempt was made. Over the past 10 years, from the government to non-governmental organizations, from large companies to schools, people have taken many effective and practical measures (such as making and supplying garbage bags free of charge), and finally achieved today's results. The waste law of Germany stipulates that anything that can be used must not become waste. The unavoidable waste should be used to return to the economic cycle; "Recycling plan "It has proved effective in Europe and North America. In the past decade, household waste in Europe and the United States has been reduced by more than 50%. The goal of some cities is 90%.

the world enterprise sustainable development committee is composed of 130 large enterprises from various countries. They are a multinational organization established to seek an effective model of sustainable development, with the goal of pursuing the harmonious development of population, social needs and the environment. For example, the world famous DuPont's approach in this regard is to use less raw materials to meet the needs of more people, and effectively use raw materials according to the requirements of specific customers, thus reducing waste. They change the raw materials from selling to renting, because customers only use some raw materials, and most of them are not used in production. They take back the useless materials; The president of DuPont company Halliday often said: in the production of continuous discharge of waste, we should think about what valuable and usable substances are in the waste. If you consciously pursue the sustainable development of resource recycling, you will be surprised to find many good ways. We try to reduce the "environmental footprint" of production in the pursuit of sustainable development of resource recycling. This is a simple idea, but once this idea is followed, there will be many improvements. We have no specific goals, but it is estimated that this indicator can be increased by four times in 10 years

2. Recycling design of packaging resources

recycling design, namely recycling design, is the means or method used to achieve broad recycling. When designing packaging products, it is necessary to fully consider the possibility that the export restriction policy of Packaging Indonesia causes domestic aluminum enterprises to shift the replacement supply source of mineral resources to the recovery of products and materials from Malaysia, Australia and India A series of problems related to recycling, such as the treatment method of recycling and the process of recycling, so as to achieve the full and effective utilization of packaging resources and energy

the concept of packaging cycle design should not only stay in the concept, but should be given to practice and implemented in the change of specific lifestyle. If we look at the problem of "packaging durable goods recycling" with the concept of resource recycling design, we will find that the real "packaging recycling" can not only stay in the recycling of packaging materials, but should develop to a higher level. Lead the old concept of stimulating consumption (resource abuse) to the new concept of rational consumption (resource durability). This will change the human understanding and understanding of products, and also change the designer's focus on product design

the design of modern packaging products only stays in the appearance design of products. From the perspective of development, it is a design of representation. The future packaging product cycle design will focus on the design of product related environment, which is an internal interactive design. In Japan, many old wooden wine barrels that have been stored for decades or even hundreds of years have been discarded or burned as firewood in the past. A packaging company accidentally found and used them, making the discarded wooden wine barrels the best wood for packaging. The specific method is to disassemble the wooden wine barrel, heat press the bent wooden strips, and then assemble the pressed wooden strips into plates for polishing, painting and other processes, so as to produce excellent packaging products. The packaging products made of old wooden wine barrels not only reduce the cost by more than 35%, but also because the wooden wine barrels have been infiltrated and soaked by alcohol for a long time, the products produced emit a fragrance and have never been eaten

the packaging regulations promulgated by Germany in 1991 clearly stipulates that "polluters must bear the cost of cleaning up and eliminating the impact of pollution on the environment". The producers and operators of packaging materials are required to be responsible for the recycling of wastes and fulfill the corresponding obligation to eliminate pollution. The cost of cleaning up pollution can be added to the selling price and transferred to users. Nowadays, when Germans go shopping on the street, most of them carry cloth bags or bamboo baskets. They wash and reuse the dirty cloth bags, which greatly reduces the use of plastic bags. In the case of Hong Kong, the experiment is only carried out in two directions. There is a notice posted in the bathroom of the hotel: in order to provide perfect service, the hotel will change new towels for you every day. However, in the process of cleaning towels, a large number of detergents flow into the sea, resulting in serious pollution of seawater all over the world. We sincerely invite you to participate in environmental protection. Please put the reusable towels on the towel rack and put the towels that need to be replaced into the bathtub. Thank you for your cooperation! "Hong Kong Hotel Association" is signed under the notice. The experience of other countries and regions is worth learning from. It used to be a good tradition for Chinese people to carry bamboo baskets to buy vegetables on the street. Now we have lost them and let foreigners pick them up. Don't we need a good reflection? (to be continued)

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