The hottest market needs to increase the research

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The market needs to enlarge the research and development of silk ink

data show that at present, the sales volume of printing ink is rising rapidly, especially high-end ink and special ink. Silk ink has a great adjustment of market detection sensitivity. We should refer to the center of the detection coil to confirm the potential. It is reported that 54.7% of the inks used in printing in China depend on imports every year, and imported inks occupy most of the Chinese market. In order to occupy and stabilize the market, domestic inks must accelerate the research and development of silk inks. Only by improving the quality and performance as soon as possible, can printing manufacturers get rid of their dependence on imported inks

due to the late start of China's modern ink industry, weak technical force, backward production equipment and other reasons, in the early stage of reform and opening up, there was a large gap between our technological development level and foreign countries, so we can only take the development path of changing market for technology, and arm and expand ourselves through introduction and cooperation. There are more than 400 ink production enterprises in China. 70% of the ink production is produced by joint ventures in the 1990s, and most of the market is occupied by imported products. Therefore, in the past period of time, China's ink industry has tracked and imitated foreign inks, which has played a certain role in promoting the development of domestic inks and printing. With the improvement of China's scientific and technological level, many imported technologies can no longer meet our needs, because under the current international economic situation, the application space of tracking and imitating technologies in the market is very limited, and the technologies that can meet our needs are difficult to introduce, Moreover, blindly relying on cooperation and the introduction of foreign technology can only widen the gap between us and the advanced level, and the resulting technological dependence will be more difficult to get rid of than the impact caused by capital dependence and market dependence

now many domestic enterprises are unwilling to spend money on development, and always want to use a small amount of money to buy a ready-made achievement, rather than research step by step and launch new products. How can they survive in the international competition? The development and research of new products is the key to maintain the vitality of an enterprise. An important indicator of the operating status of large foreign enterprises is that the expenses for research and development generally account for 10.15% of the sales revenue. The reason why there is an endless stream of new products is to rely on the strong investment behind scientific research. It is reported that Toshiba Corporation of Japan has three scientific research departments, two of which study the leading technologies in the market after 5 years and 10 years respectively. Only about 32% of domestic large and medium-sized enterprises have R & D institutions, while less than 9% of patents have been truly transformed into products and productivity. Many domestic enterprises have low enthusiasm for science and technology investment, mainly eager for quick success and instant benefits. China has transitioned from a shortage economy to a relatively surplus economy, and the only way for the surplus economy to continue to develop is through innovation. Ink enterprises are called on to engage in scientific research by themselves and translate the scientific research results into practical production and application, because there is a certain dislocation in the understanding of scientific research projects between scientific research institutions, colleges and universities and enterprises. Because in addition to conventional risks, there are other risks such as technology in project transformation. Scientific research institutions and colleges pay attention to pursuing the progressiveness of scientific research level, while enterprises pursue the market demand and profit maximization after project transformation. From this point of view, enterprises must establish their own R & D system in order to meet their own needs. However, there are few institutions doing ink theoretical research in China and there is a lack of talents. Enterprise leaders should have the courage to advocate the awareness of scientific and technological innovation, be brave, encourage Adventure, tolerate failure, and protect innovative talents. Some leaders of scientific research and enterprises are those who control the life and death of enterprises. They may not be all scientists who study ink. It may not be easy to be a scientist, but anyone can do it when they support the development of science and technology. Therefore, some bosses said that "this gap is mainly reflected in products and technology, and the fundamental reason is that the existing environment limits the development of creativity." they are the torch for human beings to explore the future. Only the more advanced and brighter it is, the more dreams can become true

so far, there are too few monographs and periodicals about ink. The contents of each version are similar, and the discussion content is relatively old. Most of them are the composition, nature, use method, production process, simple formula, etc. of ink. There is less in-depth theoretical research in ink. Whether it is used as a textbook or for the innovative ability of printing and ink researchers, new knowledge theory should be introduced into ink monographs. Although the production process of ink is not complicated, it is by no means as easy as some people think. Some people compare the ink that China's research on waterborne polyurethane adhesive is more active and production to the traditional Chinese medicine: it is enough to weigh the point binder, colorant, filler and auxiliary agent, which are dispersed and rolled into uniform products. Let's not forget that the prescription of traditional Chinese medicine should also pay attention to the compatibility between various drugs, otherwise it will not cure the disease. Similarly, there are compatibility characteristics between the raw materials of ink. For example, if you want to produce high-grade inks, it is difficult not to study morphology, powder surface chemistry, interface chemistry, solid solution and crystallization chemistry, polymer materials science, dispersion technology, surface modification technology, and commercialized deep processing technology. For example, in the multi-layer color overprint process, the transparency of the pigment in the printing ink is very important. The yellow printing ink is not only required to have high coloring strength, but also the pigment particle size is very fine and the transparency is high. When the ink with high transparency is printed on the black substrate, because the light passes through the ink layer and is printed on the black substrate, the yellow ink is reflected back after the light passes through, and the yellow ink absorbs the blue part of the white light to show the complementary color yellow, so as to obtain an ideal color restoration effect. Therefore, ink manufacturers require pigment manufacturers to provide yellow pigments with high transparency. The size of pigment particles is an important factor affecting its transparency. If we want to make the oil design different fixtures according to different samples and experimental methods, the ink binder medium will show non transparency, which is not only related to the obvious difference between the refractive index between the dispersion medium in the ink and the pigment particles, but also related to the scattering effect of the pigment particles on light. When the particle size of pigment is half of the wavelength of light, for example, the particle size of pigment is 0.2 ~ 0.5 μ M, it has the strongest light scattering ability and high hiding power, which can lead to the non transparency of the ink. When the average particle size of the pigment in the ink dispersion is less than this value, such as the particle size is 0.015 ~ 0.025 μ M, the ink is transparent, and the coloring power of the pigment is also high. Even these reasons are not clear, how can we produce high-end printing ink

one of the main manifestations of domestic inks lagging behind imported inks is the low production technology and supply level of raw and auxiliary materials, which makes it difficult for a skillful woman to make bricks without straw. For example, various types of titanium dioxide, coloring pigments with special requirements, special binders, various additives, etc. can only be imported. The biggest gap with foreign countries is in the technical input of product development and product application technical services, marketing and distribution services, advertising and publicity, etc. Foreign investment in development accounts for a high proportion, accounting for 70% of personnel expenditure and 30% of equipment and materials. It can be seen that the investment in scientific research and development mainly focuses on artificial and intellectual aspects. As Chinese enterprises grow under the condition of planned economy, they attach great importance to the vertical relationship, but do not mention a strategic height to understand the horizontal relationship. Over time, enterprises have not developed a good spirit of cooperation. In the past, we only considered how to tap the potential within the enterprise, but did not consider the cooperative relationship between suppliers and manufacturers from the perspective of the market, and did not study the "chain" of common interests formed by such cooperation between enterprises for product design and development, cost control, etc. That is, the so-called supply chain partnership, since the supply chain management theory has been developing and maturing, and has become a theory for all kinds of industries to learn from, in-depth research on the supply chain of printing industry, ink industry, pigment industry, and chemical raw materials industry has been carried out to guide them to improve their comprehensive competitiveness

it is of far-reaching significance to participate in international competition. In the past, the boundaries of China's industrial industry were relatively strict, and there was little communication and cooperation between enterprises in different industries. Since the 1990s, with the emergence of global manufacturing, agile manufacturing, virtual manufacturing and other manufacturing modes, a new enterprise organization form characterized by dynamic alliance has emerged, which has made a qualitative change in the original enterprise production organization and resource allocation. What can best reflect this change is the idea of supply chain management, which has changed the original "vertical integration" mode to "horizontal integration" mode. Market competition is no longer the competition of a single enterprise, but the competition between alliances, that is, the competition between supply chains. Therefore, the original single handed enterprise competition strategy is no longer suitable for the development of the world economy. Enterprises need to learn how to cooperate with other enterprises in strategies and skills, so as to achieve a win-win goal. In fact, ink is no longer a single commodity. With the development of digital printing technology, ink has become an integral part of the printing process. Printing has a great dependence on ink. The printing industry must cooperate closely with the ink manufacturing industry in order to develop ink with the best printing effect. The printing industry is the customer of the ink factory. It should have a high degree of strategic alliance thought. The purpose of promoting and advocating the alliance is to expand itself. Domestic ink manufacturers do not produce pigments and binders themselves, which is a big gap with foreign countries. Some famous ink manufacturers in the world, such as BASF company and Bayer company in Germany, DuPont company in the United States, Reich company in kuaben, etc. They are also well-known Pigment Companies and chemical companies. Therefore, the choice and compatibility of raw materials in ink production can be completely solved by itself. However, the lack of supply chain management and synchronous operation between domestic pigment suppliers and ink manufacturers will inevitably result in the variety, quality and quantity of raw materials used in ink that cannot keep pace with the development of ink, and the disharmony between technology and supply, resulting in the backward situation of products

another reason for the backwardness of domestic inks is the weak deep processing of goods. In the past, the development of commercialized technology in China was relatively slow. With the reform and opening up and the increase of exchanges with foreign countries, commercialized technology has attracted more and more attention from domestic enterprises and research institutions. Excellent commercialization technology will improve the performance of products, expand the application field, prolong the service life of products, and obtain greater economic benefits. It can be considered that the refinement and functionalization of products are the future development direction. For example, the varieties of offset printing inks and organic pigments commonly used in China have been basically finalized after a long period of production practice and screening, which can also be called avoiding the continuous collapse of the structure. The key is to continuously improve their internal quality and prepare special dosage forms with different application properties through deep processing and surface modification. The ratio of the number of chemical structures of organic pigments in foreign countries to the number of commercial dosage forms is 1:20, while in China it is only about 1:1.5. The backwardness of dosage forms will inevitably lead to the backwardness of products. Therefore, research and development of commercialized technology and scientific and technological innovation is an important task at present

source: China ink technology

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